There were many paths explored before landing on the convergence of identity, empowerment, and education.  

Originally, this project began as a theory about using things like Rap music to teach English content skills. However, after discovering the research of M.L. Hill and his Hip-Hop Education, the potential for expansion was evident. M.L. Hill was largely informed by things like Multiculturalism, which warrants that racially or ethnically diverse students benefit from literature and curriculum where their identities are authentically represented. Yet, the question then became: why only use the race or ethnicity of students if their identities are so much more complex? Students of today are more than multicultural. And, all students need education about the variety of identities that people in our global world hold, and students of intersectionally diverse populations deserve to have their identities such as gender, sexuality, and nationality represented in the classroom to the same capacity that their race or ethnicity is potentially represented. 

Thus, to adequately prepare all students for the increasingly diverse world they live in, as well as authentically represent all diverse populations in the classroom, Identity Based Education (IBE) uses the vast realm of student identity to empower diverse students and educate all students about the diverse world they live in during secondary education.

For a complete Literature Review behind IBE, please download the following PDF: